My Korean teacher has asked me to keep a journal. What's the correct form and level of formality for talking to yourself?
Are journals written in 반말 ? Or plain form? Or perhaps something else?
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It is your choice.
The most common style called 일기체 is to make declarative sentences end with 다 as the following:
어제 친구와 영화관에 갔다. (past)
내일은 학교에 간다. (future, with certainty)
다음 주에는 서울에도 가고 부산에도 갈 예정이다. (future plans)
Other types of sentences and quotations may end with other endings, but I will not list them here because I cannot generalize personal styles on these sentences.
If your superiors/teachers are going to read it, you may use 하십시오체:
해요체 can also be used if you are telling your stories to your friends:
Will your close friends near or at your age read your diary? Then, you may use 해체 as well: