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Both of these words - 타고나다 and 태어나다 seem to mean "be born". This pair seems to not be in the category of transitive/intransitive verb which is common in Korean.

Also, both seem to be often used to modify a noun. But what is the difference between them and how should I use them apart correctly?

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타고나다 is not just "be born" - X를 타고나다 means "to be born with X (some quality)".

직관력을 타고난 사람 - a person born with (good) intuition

타고난 천재 - a natural born genius

타고난 게으름을 고칠 방법은? - How can [I] fix the laziness [I] was born with?

타고난 성격은 고칠 수 없다 - You can't change one's born nature. (= "You can't fix a person.")

태어나다 is a more simple "be born".

어머니는 1967년에 태어나셨다. = My mom was born in 1967.

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  • Thanks. Another question: why is the third sentence not 고치는? I thought the form to modify a noun is add 는 after the stem of the verb... – Blaszard Oct 20 '19 at 21:14
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    That's only part of a story: a verb can use -는/-ㄴ/-ㄹ to modify nouns, which corresponds to present/past/future. E.g., 출발하는 기차 (a train that's departing), 출발한 기차 (a train that departed), 출발할 기차 (a train that will depart). For the particular sentence in the text, 고치는 방법 & 고칠 방법 will both work. (If you say 고친 방법 then it would mean you already overcame your laziness and you want to talk about how you did it.) – jick Oct 21 '19 at 0:36

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