I have been a user of StackExchange for more than a year, but am a new user of Korean Language SE. If my post does not meet the requirements of this site, please kindly offer me an opportunity to edit it before closing it. Thank you.
I am a native Chinese (Cantonese speaker) and a beginner in Korean.
There is a large proportion of Korean vocabulary that is derived from ancient Chinese.
Chinese: 男仔 (pronunciation: nam-zai, meaning: boy)
Some derivations are a bit more complex.
Chinese: 女仔 (pronunciation: nui-zai, meaning: girl)
Korean (supposed to be): 녀자
Due to a rule (in Chinese 頭音法則, if anyone knows its English name please edit it), the ㄴ is dropped, and 녀자 becomes 여자.
It turns out that if I understand the root/derivation of the Korean word, memorizing it is much easier, adding more fun to learning Korean.
Can anyone provide a list/dictionary which clearly explains how each Chinese-rooted Korean word is derived?
Thanks in advance.