What's the difference between these forms?

Can't we use 그 이름은 살것입니다 instead of 그 이름은 살아있을것입니다?

1 Answer 1


The form Verb + 아/어/여 있다 is used to indicate the continuance of a state or existence. When you live, you remain living. When you stand, you remain standing.

It is used when a status has commenced and is still continuing on. Usually, this form is used in conjunction with passive voice:

앉아 있다. To be sitting.

누워 있어요. To be lying down.

쌓여 있어요. To be covered.

남아 있어요. To (be) remain(ing).

This form is not to be confused with Verb + 고 있다, which requires an object (so the verb must be transitive). For example, let's look at the difference between "살고 있다" and "살아 있다."

If you say "여동생이 아직 살아 있어요", this means "My little sister is still alive." This is using the definition of 살다 meaning "to be alive, to be living (often in a biological sense)."

On the other hand, if you want to say you live somewhere, you would use 살고 있다. We could for example say "영국에서 살고 있지만, 난 한국인이다." (I am living in England, but I am Korean). This is using the meaning of 살고 있다 to mean "to live (somewhere), to make one's residence (in a place)." This usage requires an object (i.e. where do you live?).

  • 1
    What's the difference between 살고있다 and 살아있다? Commented Nov 1, 2018 at 17:44
  • @HaykAbelyan Good question. I have added a small portion to the end of my answer to address this question.
    – Vladhagen
    Commented Nov 1, 2018 at 18:05
  • But 살아있다 also can need an object (for example 우리 마음에서). Commented Nov 1, 2018 at 18:57
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    @HaykAbelyan The difference is that 살아있다 does not need to take on an object. 살고있다 and 살아있다 are also special cases of the verb 살다. Most verbs do not have that odd dual usage.
    – Vladhagen
    Commented Nov 1, 2018 at 19:05
  • 살아 있다 can be used without objective, e.g, 나는 살아있다 = I'm (still) alive.
    – wonhee
    Commented Dec 6, 2018 at 1:57

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