1

있다 means:

  • to be
  • to lie
  • to take place

In the text book I only learnt 있어요

While watching K-dramas, I saw SOOOO many forms that I've no idea what they mean:

  • 있어: Is this because the is dropped?
  • 있는, 있을: I thought ~는 and ~을was for nouns only.
  • 있지: What does ~지 mean?
  • 있는데: What does ~는데 mean?
  • 있습니다: Is this the formal form?
  • 있어서: What does `~어서 mean?

There are many many more? How would one know what they all mean?

1

These are all different grammar forms, and thus they give a certain meaning to 있다 when attached to the verb-stem. I recommend you to start learning Korean grammar from e.g. www.talktomeinkorean.com or www.howtostudykorean.com, as your question is quite basic.

You can find out what all of them mean by using the guides on those websites.

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