3

I found myself completely unable to explain the -하다고 suffix to someone. For example,

행복하다고 느낍니까?

which means, "Do you feel that you're happy?"

Actually, no, there's a nuance there. I think it translates more like, "Would you say that you feel happy?" Because, let's take it back: it could have just been

행복해요?

which means, "Are you happy?" But we're trying to add emphasis (to something, I don't know what).

What I know is

  • 행복 means "happiness."
  • 행복하다 means "I am / You are / [Subject is] happy."
  • 하다하다고 means ???. (The "고" here is not the conjunctive "고"!)

It's almost as if the "고" here actually "quotes" its preceding phrase as a hypothetical, so that the literal translation of the original is:

Is "I am happy" a thing that you feel?

I'd appreciate a cleaner and more formal understanding of this construction. Thank you.

4

-(하다)고 corresponds, more or less, to English "that". It packages the whole inner sentence so that it can be used as an object of the outer verb.

행복하다 느낍니까? = Do you feel that you are happy?

행복하다 생각한다. = [I] think that I am happy.

행복하다 말했어요. = [He] said that he was happy.

주민들이 행복하다 주장했습니다. = They insisted that the residents are happy.

| improve this answer | |
1

고 means indirect quotation

요즘, 행복하다고 느끼나요 ?

This sentence can be used in the following situation :

A : C earn a big money so that C is happy

B : Oh.

B : I heard that you are happy 요즘 행복하다고 하던데.

C : Sure.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.