인생은 원이 아니라 무한한 직선이다
That translates to Life isn’t a circle, it’s an infinite, straight line.
Is there a contextual requirement for when to say
원 and when to say
동그라미? Are there other ways to say circle?
Korean, like many other Eastern Asian languages and cultures, are rooted in Chinese origins.
원 is Korean transcription of Hanja -
圓 which derives from Chinese character of the same shape. This is used most commonly in a written and formal context - meaning is not restricted to a physical shape of a circle but a figurative sense. In addition, it can easily be combined with other Hanja to form a new word and act as an adjective.
원형= 원 (circle) + 형 (shape) = meaning circular
원만= 원 (amicable/well "rounded") + 만 (full) = meaning a friendly, easy going characteristic
동그라미 is Hangul and is used exclusive as a noun. (compare with
동그란 Adj. /
You could transliterate English word circle into
서클 (pronounced 써클) and it will be understood by Koreans. However, rather than meaning a physical shape of circle, the usual context would be:
서클 = group of people as in club/clique
서클렌즈 = circle lenses (a transliterated loanword)
동그라미 is noun indicating shape of appearance of thing
1) 달걀은 동그랗다.
egg is round.
(Here note that egg is solid, i.e., 3 dimensional body)
2) Rachel은 맞는 답에(정답에) 동그라미를 그리고 있다 (또는 치고 있다)
Rachel is circling the correct answer.
(Here we do not use 원(circle)을 그리고 있다)
3) 동그라미 contains 원. Ring and bracelet may not be circle but absolutely round.
Given sentence in OP, 원 represents the coincidence of starting point and ending point so that if we use 동그라미, then there may be confusion.