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Sometimes, I see these in dictionary word lists that has a short form for Korean Parts of Speech (POS) and I could figure out the "long-form", e.g.

  • 감 = 감탄사 interjection, exclamation 
  • 관 = 관형사 determiner, pre-noun 
  • 대 = 대명사 pronoun 
  • 동 = 동사 verb 
  • 명 = 명사 noun 
  • 부 = 부사 adverb 
  • 수 = 수사 numeral, quantity indicator
  • 형 = 형용사 adjective

(Please correct me if I'm wrong about the above)

But there're also these other short forms that are attached to their corresponding words:

  • 보, e.g. 가지다, 계시다, 나가다, 내다, 놓다, 드리다
  • 고, e.g. 독일, 러시아, 미국, 부산
  • 불, e.g. 그래도, 그렇게, 얘, 어때
  • 의, e.g. 개, 개월, 거, 것, 권

What should does , , , mean? What's their "long form"?

Purely from guessing, I think

  • 고 ~= seems like geolocations?
  • 불 ~= some sort of expression?
  • 의 ~= some sort of counting?
  • 보 ~= I'm clueless what means...
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    One thing I'm at least partially sure about is '고': it looks like 고 stands for 고유명사(proper noun). 보 maybe stands for 보어 but I'm not really sure about this. – PenPoint Jun 14 '17 at 6:47
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고: 고유 명사 (proper noun), when the noun is a specific location or person.

보: 보조 동사(auxiliary verb), to be added after another verb/adjective to adjust the meaning.

Ex: 이기다 => 이겨내다

의: 의존 명사(dependent noun), namely nouns that must follow a specified grammatical pattern.

I can't find any info. on 불. If you tell me which dictionary you saw this, it will be more helpful.

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According to the website of the LA한국교육원 (http://kecla.org/board_TnIG78/1331), apparently based on data form the 국립국어원:

 품사 약호

감 : 감탄사

고 : 고유 명사

관 : 관형사

대 : 대명사

동 : 동사

명 : 명사

보 : 보조 용언

부 : 부사

불 : 분석 불능

수 : 수사

의 : 의존 명사

형 : 형용사

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