In the 뉴에이스 국어사전 included with the iOS/MacOS Dictionary app, I noticed the etymology for the word 함부로 showed:

〔➙ᄒᆞᆫ보로(金三 2:33)>함부로〕

What does the 金三 2:33 mean?

Looking up the same word in Naver, it shows:

어원 : <보로<금강경삼가해(1482)>

I notice the and in there, so guessing they are possibly related to the and respectively. Is this a way of representing dates, perhaps based on the royal calendar? I've seen things in museums that say something like, "the 3rd year of King Sejeong." Is this related?

  • 1
    금강경삼가해(金剛經三家解) is a movable type printing in ancient Korean. First initiated by 세조, later edited and published under the order of 세조비(世祖妃). ko.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/금강경삼가해_권2
    – user237
    Commented May 31, 2017 at 10:51
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    Dictionaries typically include a list of used abbreviations in the prefix or appendix. That is, the physical book of 뉴에이스 국어사전 should include a table of references containing "金三 -> 금강경삼가해". It might be missing in the app version.
    – jick
    Commented Jun 1, 2017 at 15:44

1 Answer 1


It's the abbreviated name of the book "금강경삼가해" that the old form "ᄒᆞᆫ보로" appeared in. 2:33 means the word appears in Page 33, Volume 2.

금강경삼가해 means it's a side-by-side translation of the three explanations of the Buddhist text "The Diamond Sutra"(금강경).

Technically it isn't itself the etymology of the word, but an indication of single use in a corpus. Determining an etymology needs extensive researches, but majority of 15th-century Korean literature written in 한문 are not telling much about how the Korean words that time are used in practice. Dictionaries instead quote manuscripts side-commented with old Korean translations, (usually with titles suffixed with ~가해, ~언해, etc.,) but there are no more than few dozens of them left.

  • @puzzlet your edit has been added to Mujjin's answer for now, but I request Mujjin to comment on whether the edit actually improves the answer.
    – user17915
    Commented Jun 14, 2017 at 14:06
  • @puzzlet if you have a significant amount of new content to add, I think it would be better to post a separate answer.
    – user17915
    Commented Jun 14, 2017 at 14:07

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