I know Korean grammar usually requires sentences to end in a 'verby' word like an action verb (동사), descriptive verb (형용사), or 되다 (to become) or 이다(to be something). But can correct, full Korean sentences ever end in something else?

  • 1
    "네!" (Interjection) Jun 25 '16 at 9:08
  • Watch any gangster movie and you'll find out, any sentence can end with (?) Jun 26 '16 at 14:44
  • Doesn't Korean have sentence-final particles? Jun 30 '16 at 1:38
  • @hippietrail do you mean something like -네요?
    – topo morto
    Jun 30 '16 at 4:14
  • @topomorto: Maybe. It could be that what are regarded as sentence final particles in other Asian languages are regarded as part of verb conjugations/endings in Korean. (I'm no Korean expert, just an enthusiast with the barest tourist level in the language.) Jun 30 '16 at 8:21

It is reasonable to say that since full, grammatically correct English sentences (besides the usual one word "Yes.", "No.", and "Hello." expressions) always come with some form of verb, the same can be said for Korean.

However, comparisons to English might not be so sound since Korean and English are quite different. So, let's jump into something more universal: linguistics!

The notion that a sentence needs to have a verb or adjective is slightly incorrect only because several types of sentences exist. Thus, it's only fair to say that in any language, grammatically correct sentences can come in verb-less forms (See "Major and minor sentences" section of the wiki page).

But, in terms of simple sentences (sentences that do contain at least one subject and one predicate), it would be against that very definition of a grammatically correct sentence to come in a predicate-less form.

TL;DR Yes and no

  • What if the word order is switched? Is Korean necessarily SOV or is it just a strong tendency (like Latin used to be)?
    – busukxuan
    Jun 25 '16 at 14:40
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    The word order shouldn't affect the composition of a sentence, although you do pose an interesting question. This might require some more analysis on Korean word ordering roots, although I'm leaning towards Korean necessarily being SOV. The only reason I say this is because their choice of a word order reflects the Korean view on how expressions should be constructed, namely macro-to-micro. Other than that, my guess is as good as yours.
    – blimpy
    Jun 25 '16 at 14:49

Korean sentences can end with a verb 한나는 집에 왔어요.

verb copula 저는 학생입니다.

or an adjective 유나는 정말 예쁘다.

Further information can be found here http://www.linguajunkie.com/korean-2/make-korean-sentences

  • 1
    Do you mean Korean sentences end with nothing other than parts of speech shown in your examples?
    – user7
    Jun 25 '16 at 13:54
  • How about 여기 요 in addition to that list? Jun 26 '16 at 14:46

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