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습기찬 눅눅한 지폐는 걸릴 수 있으니 사용하지 말아주세요.

I have some questions relating the sentence above. Hope someone could shed some light on it.

  1. I think 습기찬 and 눅눅한 are formed from verbs or adjectives 습기차다 and 눅눅하다 by adding -ㄴ/은, -는 adnominal suffixes here. However, some of my friends think that 습기찬 is a noun and it is not formed by adding that suffix. She also thinks that it is not allowed to have two words with -ㄴ/은, -는 adnominal suffixes close each other and all modify the noun 지폐 like that. I would like to hear your opinion on this?
  2. What is the difference in meaning between 습기찬 and 눅눅한?

Thanks.

  • 습기찬 and 지폐는 -> 습기찬 and 눅눅한, 지폐 -> 눅눅, right? – PenPoint May 10 '17 at 15:20
  • Can you share whrre you see this sentence? And is your friend native? I think she is but her second point is wrong. – 짱멋진만찢남 May 10 '17 at 16:22
  • @SuperCoolHandsomeGelBoy: it is put on a vending machine. My friend is not a native also. – anhnha May 10 '17 at 17:30
  • Well, there's no single word 습기차다. They are 습기 and 차다, so you have to space between them: 습기(가) 차다. – Константин Ван Mar 26 '18 at 7:30
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First, 습기차다 is not an adjective, but a verb. It is a contraction of 습기(가) 차다: "차다" here is the verb "to be filled" (e.g., 병에 물이 가득 찼다), but it is also commonly used with 물기 or 습기 to mean "get wet (or get covered with dew) because of high humidity".

Random examples from the web:

비올 때 차안에 습기가 차는 이유가 뭐죠? (Why do we get dew inside the car when it rains?)

창문 주변이나 벽 모서리, 장판 밑, 욕실의 타일 등은 습기가 쉽게 차는 곰팡이 상습발생 지역이다.

눅눅하다 is an adjective that means "full of moisture; become soft/flaccid with moisture", usually in an unpleasant way. So, in the example sentence "습기찬" and "눅눅한" have a very similar meaning.

If you ask me, I would use only one of 습기찬 or 눅눅한, or if I really wanted to be pedantic, I could say "습기가 차거나 눅눅한 지폐는 걸릴 수 있으니 사용하지 말아 주세요."

However, just saying "습기찬 눅눅한 지폐", with two consecutive -ㄴ, is not grammatically incorrect: it is just a poor style here, IMHO (especially since they are more or less redundant).

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