7

en.wiktionary.org is great for Hangul Super- Newbie learners.

For example, en.wiktionary.org 기계 gives me 3 Kanji (Hanja) meanings/readings for 기계 (gigye) ==> 機械, 器械, 奇計

( btw, in Jp ( Japanese ), 機械, 器械 is Kikai, and 奇計 is Kikei. -- and also the pitch accents (intonations) are different. )

What other Hanja meanings are there for 기계 (gigye) ?

7

Just answering Q1: Naver's dictionary lists six words.

However, among them, 奇計 is a very rare word. I'm not even sure if I've seen it anywhere, although I might understand the term if I saw it in the right context. The others (氣界/棋界/碁界/器界) are even more rare: I'm sure I've never seen them.

...which leaves us with the two common Hanja spellings, 機械 and 器械. However, whatever dictionary writers may say, I think this should be considered a single word ("기계") with alternate Chinese spellings. Surely the difference in meaning is not large enough to separate them cleanly, and virtually all Koreans would be very surprised to hear that 실험용 기계(machine for experiment) and 동력 기계(powered machine) use different Chinese characters.


In general, I'd advise against trying to look up Chinese characters for every Korean words, at least until you are pretty fluent. Koreans just don't care much about Chinese characters these days, so the word "기계" is to Koreans just that, "기계". Coupled with the sad fact that Korean dictionary writers used to copy Japanese dictionaries without even gathering actual Korean sentence examples, looking for alternate/obscure Chinese spellings can easily give you a false impression of how the word is actually used in modern Korean.

|improve this answer|||||
  • 1
    Thank you ! ____ 奇計 is commonly used in Jp ( Japanese ) -- some synonyms are : 奇策 ・ 秘策 ・ 妙計 ・ 妙策 ___________ In Jp we usually make a distinction between 機 and 器 (the former is usu. made of metal, and has gears). ___________ I need the Chinese characters to learn these Kor. vocab. -- I'm lost without them, because I'm Jp. Thanks again. – HizHa Oct 18 '16 at 22:55
  • 1
    This conclusion turns out to me to be reasonable yet interesting, considering that in Japanese, which retains Chinese characters, 機械 and 器械 are still differentiable japanese.stackexchange.com/a/21084/7810 (so in Chinese, where 機 and 器 differ in pronunciation). – broccoli forest Oct 20 '16 at 5:38

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.