My dictionary says that ~ㄹ터이다 means intend to ((do)); will ((do)); have a mind to ((do)); mean to ((do)) which I think is the same meaning implied by ~려고 하다

Are the two expression synonyms? What is the difference between them?

Example sentence from the dictionary:
3시까지는 돌아올 터이다

Is it the same as saying 3시까지는 돌아오려고 해요?

1 Answer 1


'터' as a light noun (의존 명사) preceded by attributive (관형 어미) '-ㄹ' works very similar to '-ㄹ 것', but much less commonly used. Than being said, not only '-ㄹ 터' can express an intention or will, it can also express an anticipation or a fixed plan. Thus, the sentence 3시까지는 돌아올 터이다 can be interpreted into different meanings.

  • I will return by 3.
  • I expect it would return by 3.
  • (By its schedule,) it would return by 3.

(Only the first case is synonymous to '-려고 하다'.)

Note that unlike '-ㄹ 것', '-ㄹ 터' does not work as a complete noun phrase; it's always followed by copula (서술격 조사) '이-(다)'.

  • 그 사람이 돌아 올 것이다
  • 그 사람이 돌아 올 터이다.
  • 그 사람이 돌아 올 것은 예상 못 했다
  • *그 사람이 돌아 올 터는 예상 못 했다.
  • When '터' is preceded by attributive '-ㄴ', it means circumstance/situation. See 2nd definition in Naver dict for examples. In this case, it is not necessarily followed by the copula.
    – krim
    Sep 1, 2016 at 17:46

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