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1answer
56 views

what do 形 and 便 mean and how can they combine to make the meaning “situation”?

The Chinese word of 형편 (situation) in Korean is 形便. Can anyone explain what 形 and 便 mean and how can they combine to make the meaning "situation"?
2
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1answer
28 views

“verb+(으)ㄴ 지” VS. “verb+았/었는지”

It seems that "verb+(으)ㄴ 지" and "verb+았/었는지" are both valid structures expressing a past action in Korean, but one cannot be substituted for another, e.g. 동생이 밥을 먹은 지 1시간이 되었어요. (○) 동생이 밥을 먹었는지 ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

What is the difference between 빠져들다 and 빠지다?

I found out there are two similar words that mean "fall into" or "drowned". Both 빠져들다 and 빠지다 mean it, although in my dictionary there is no entry for 빠져들다 and I only saw it online. But I don't ...
0
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2answers
78 views

Meaning of 걸래는 빨아도 걸래다

Does 걸래는 빨아도 걸래다 have two meanings? Since 빨다 can be used both for "wash" and for "suck", does this also mean something about soaking up water as well as the more obvious meaning to wash in water?
1
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1answer
39 views

present tense of “deceive” in this sentence using “속았으며”

I'm taking this sentence and making it present tense, but the verb may be taking the passive form (피동사) here, so I'm unsure of the dictionary form since I don't know if it's passive. Please don't ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

Where can I learn Hangul without any Romanization at all

I am a complete beginner in Korean, and I am just trying to learn Hangul. I believe that it is better to learn Hangul and not associate any of the words or letters of Korean to Romanized alphabet. ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Why does the North Korean guide in this video not seem to understand written Korean letters?

Ever since I first saw this seven-and-a-half-minute video five years ago, I've been puzzled over a certain moment, at 2:30: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9BNN4tlBy-g&t=150 The guide appears to ...
1
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2answers
56 views

Is there a word “호젖하다” in Korean?

I'm now using the following Memrise course and found the following word: 호젖하다 quiet/lonesome (고적하다/한적하다/적적하다) But when I search on the web, the first and second results are the aforementioned ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Korean cosmetic-sample - what is it?

dear ones, I got this little cosmetic-sample, and have problem to translate it... 😢 What is it? Can somebody help me, please? 🙏 Best regards, xoxo: Sophie 😘
1
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1answer
54 views

How was your experience learning to type in Hangeul on the keyboard?

What was it like for you to learn how to type in Korean on a keyboard? I'm two semesters so far in my Korean classes. One of my keen challenges has been typing in Korean on my smartphone and ...
2
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2answers
111 views

What does 년대 mean?

I found an anki deck with 1000 most common words (I have to translate them to english on my own) but I couldn't find much information about the meaning of this one. One resource mentioned it means "...
4
votes
1answer
219 views

Why does the number 0 (zero) not have its own Korean native numeral?

The number zero (0) does not really have a Korean native numeral of its own. In fact, the only way to say zero in Korean is by Hanja: Yeong (영) or Gong (공). I'm very tempted to say that it's because ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Why do some hanja characters have multiple hangul?

I found that some hanja words have multiple equivalent hangul. For example, 력 and 역량 (力 and 力量) (I could not come up with other words but there were more such words but once I find I will add more) ...
1
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2answers
99 views

How 꽃차례 is pronounced?

How 꽃차례 is pronounced? Kkot-charye or kkoch-charye? For example, 있다 is pronounced "itta", but 있습니다 isn't pronounced "itseumnida".
1
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1answer
69 views

What is the meaning of 캐러들 and 물차고 in this famous children's song?

The song I am referring to is 봄 by 윤석중, a well-known writer of Korean children's poetry. This poem was later composed into a song in 1990. 니나니 나니나 니나니나 버들피리 소리가 들려온다 니나니 나니나 니나니나 버들피리 소리가 들려온다 ...
1
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2answers
110 views

What does “당연한 말씀이네요” means?

There's this dialogue that happen before it "이제부터 어머니께 칭찬받을 때는 나처럼 하도록 해.", and then he said "당연한 말씀이네요" I think its like a sarcasm or so.
1
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1answer
101 views

Correct form to use for a journal

My Korean teacher has asked me to keep a journal. What's the correct form and level of formality for talking to yourself? Are journals written in 반말 ? Or plain form? Or perhaps something else?
1
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1answer
96 views

줍다 Honorific form: 주으십니다?

I was supposed to write a sentence in my workbook. The answer is: 할머니께서 정원에서 쓰레기를 주으십니다 I want to ask isn't it supposed to be 줍으십니다? Or is there a irregular rule?
0
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1answer
50 views

space: ~verb해 드립니다 or verb해드립니다

How does the space work in verb + 해드립니다? Please let us know whether it should be case 1 or case 2. Example 1. case 1. 반송해 드립니다 vs case 2. 반송해드립니다. Example 2. case 1. 포워드해 드립니다 vs case 2. ...
1
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1answer
70 views

What's the grammatical subject of this sentence?

My classmates and I are in a bit of a disagreement on this one, so I thought I'd ask here. The sentence is as follows: 하지만 이것도 먹고사는 데 별 걱정이 없는 사람들이나 할 수 있는 일이었어요. The sentence is part of a short ...
0
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1answer
111 views

What is the meaning of the ~ㄹ까나 ending?

I have heard that it's (1) meaningless and (2) a more playful version of ㄹ까. Not considering pronunciation, it also seems to be somewhat similar to the Japanese ending ~かな. Examples 그래서 우리 슬로건이라고 ...
1
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1answer
56 views

is 명사 and 수사 a part of speech

수사 in Korean is a different part of speech with 명사,used for numberic words. ex) 하나,첫째 But as far as I can think, 수사 is only one form of 명사, which is similar to noun in English. Is 명사 defined in ...
0
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0answers
55 views

Any experience wirh using Sejong Korean 1-8?

I'm thinking about switching to Sejong Korean Textbook because they have a lot of resources (grammar and speaking books, youtube channel, app), but I can't find any reviews on it. So my question is: ...
4
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0answers
79 views

Does this sentence imply that anthocyanin contains iron?

I am watching an SBS TV program about food and cooking and it shows this: As I understand it, it seems to say that the red color of the strawberry is from anthocyanin which contains large quantities ...
1
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0answers
75 views

Synonymous hanjas list (most frequent ones)

We know that there are at least 2500 hanjas that are used in modern Korean. I want to know synonymous hanjas like 불 and 무 (무료 and 불합격). These two hanjas are kind of negation prefixes. There might be ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Why is 다 required in the sentence (like 내렸다는, 알았다면)?

In the following sentence: 지하철에서 내리자마자 물건을 놓고 내렸다는 것을 알았다면 내린 시간과 내린 곳의 정확한 위치를 확인하고서 바로 역무실에 가서 이야기하면 됩니다. 버스나 택시에 물건을 놓고 내렸을 때도 7일 이후에는 경찰 유실물 센터로 보내진다는 사실을 기억하시면 좋겠습니다. (연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 3-1 p....
0
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1answer
102 views

Conjugation of 이시다

Could you please tell me if this is correct? 이다 --> 이시다 Present tense 야 / 이야 --> 셔 / 이셔 예요 / 이에요 --> 세요 / 이세요 인다 --> 이시다 입니다 --> 이십니다 Past tense 였어 --> 였셔 였어요 --> 였세요 였다 --> ...
0
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2answers
44 views

ㄴ/는이 structure in 글쓴이

In the following sentence: 이 책에서 글쓴이는 가능하면 빠른 시간 안에 사과하라고 한다. (연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 3-1 p.68) In one dictionary, I could not find an entry for the word (only found 글쓰다), while in another dictionary, I ...
1
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1answer
45 views

What construction is -데 대한?

As I know, 데 means "place", but -데 대한 means "about something or some act". What is the meaning of 데 here? Can it be used with 의한, 관한 or 관련한?
0
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1answer
42 views

What does 작긴 mean in “상영관이 좀 작긴 하지만”?

In the following conversation: 그럼 지금 진촌극장 홈페이지에 들어가 볼게요. (...) 어? 자녁 시간에는 남은 좌석이 거의 없네요. 그래요? 그럼 상영관이 좀 작긴 하지만 중앙극장에는 좌석이 있을지도 몰라요. (연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 3-1 p.44) The translation is shown as "...
1
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1answer
86 views

What does 폭탄마냥 means?

To be exact 폭탄마냥 as in 폭탄마냥 보고 있다. But 폭탄 means bomb, so i assume it is probably some kind of idiom and not literally means bomb in that context? Edit: i attached 2 example of '...폭탄마냥 보고 있다.' (https:...
1
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1answer
49 views

What does 인 mean in 유명한 관광지인 와이키키?

In the following sentence: 호놀룰루의 유명한 관광지인 와이키키 해변은 외국에서 여행을 오는 사람들로 복잡합니다. I think 인 is used like 의 in this sentence. But I have never seen any such usage so far and in my dictionary there seems ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

The meaning of 있다는 것

In the following sentence: 우리가 검사를 해서 문제가 있다는 것을 깨달았어요. 근데 검사를 언제 했어요? (The example is from the following page) I don't understand why that sentence uses 다 between 있 and 는. If you strip it ...
3
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2answers
136 views

Pronunciation difference between ᄉ and ᄊ

I am confused regarding pronunciation differences between ᄉ and ᄊ. Different sources show different tongue tip placement while pronouncing them. Some learning blogs teach that ᄉ is pronounced with ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Oldboy, Oh Dae-Su meaning “getting through one day at a time”

In the 2003 movie Oldboy, the main character says (in Korean): My Name, 'Oh Dae-Su', means getting through one day at a time. That's what 'Oh Dae-Su' means. Does this make sense in Korean? Is ...
1
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2answers
83 views

Does “무료는 포함되지 않음” means “Ad-free not included”

Currently, we're selling an in-app purchase item in a mobile app. Even if the user has purchased the in-app purchase item, we will still show banner advertisement within the app. To avoid the ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

What does 고 mean in 많았고요?

In the following sentences: 나와 내친구들은 치맥을 사랑해요! 그래서 지난주에 대구 치맥 페스티벌에 다녀왔어요. 사람들이 정말 많았어요. 치킨도 정말 많았고요. (Source: 연세한국어 듣기와 읽기 2 - p.40) According to my dictionary, there is an entry in 고 ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

Korean words whose pronunciation differs unpredictably from the spelling

There are several Korean words which have a pronunciation that differs from the spelling in an unpredictable way, like 내과 (actually pronounced like 내꽈) and 여권 (actually pronounced 여꿘).1 As far as I ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

How should ㄱ be pronounced?

To my ears, ㄱ is pronounced as g or k depending on the word. 강남 -> k 내과 -> k 아기 -> g Is there any simple rule-of-the-thumb? Note. This is not a duplicate of this as that thread discussed ...
6
votes
2answers
179 views

Why does a word like 여권 have consonant strengthening?

I heard Korean speakers pronounce the word for "passport" as 여꿘, with the strengthening of the consonant that happens with particular words. Is there any logic for which Sino-Korean words receive ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Is there any difference between ~ㄹ/을까? and ~ㄹ/을래 to ask a question?

I'm now learning the usage of ~ㄹ/을까요 here and found the following description. Asking a Question to a Listener Shall we/Should we… In Lesson 44, you learned about ~ㄹ/을래(요) and how it can ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Question about using particle 에 with Korean adverb 이제?

So I'm using the website, 'howtostudyKorean' and I have a question about a sentence I recently encountered. Here's the sentence. 저는 이제 수업을 시작할 거예요. Now this sentence is supposed to say, according to ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Where can I find original constituents of compound words?

English compound words are clear in the sense that one can understand their constituents: notebook dinner table long-term As you can see, there are at least three types of compound words in ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

What is the pure Korean version of 동생?

I wonder why some words have or do not have pure Korean version. One explanation I found is that everyday basic usage words have Korean version because they originated long time ago. The more modern a ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Why do we use 겠 and not 갰, any rational explanation?

As I always make mistake with ㅔ and ㅐ, I always wondered why we use 겠 and not 갰, like in 알겠습니다. Also, if there is any heuristic for ㅔ and ㅐ, please let me know.
1
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0answers
43 views

How can I recognize a romanized word after learning the Korean Alphabet? [closed]

I know how to write and pronounce the Korean Alphabet (Hangul). However, whenever I want to type/say something, I have to be aware that some words are romanized or changed into something else. For ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the difference between 타고나다 and 태어나다?

Both of these words - 타고나다 and 태어나다 seem to mean "be born". This pair seems to not be in the category of transitive/intransitive verb which is common in Korean. Also, both seem to be often used to ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the proper explanation for the -려나/으려나 (-ㄹ/을라나 )grammar?

In case I missed it, please suggest the correct grammar form since I am asking based on what I get across in the oral conversations. So what is the proper grammar for -려나/으려나 (-ㄹ/을라나 )? An example ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

What is 훈음 in a layman's words?

In learning Korean hanja, I come accross to the word 훈음. So what does it mean in a layman's word? An example from wikitionary: '國'의 음은 '국'이며 훈은 '나라'이다 Or an excerpt from Naver dict for 훈: ...
1
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1answer
84 views

What is the writing direction on Korean name seals?

We‘ve had a name seal/stamp made for an acquaintance named 규원. When using the stamp, it comes out as 원규 (see image: https://ibb.co/5BzkV01 ). The stamp guy said this was a traditional style, but I ...

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