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If you learn 한국어, do you need to learn 한자?

I don't know should I learn korean 한자 or not, because someone says there are more than half vocabulary from Chinese. I already master Chinese, but Chinese 한자 and korean 한자 is different in terms of ...
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1 answer
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Why does the indirect quotation (ㄴ/는)다고 mean "just because" in the following cases?

I have studied grammar (ㄴ/는)다고 before and know that this grammar is indirect quotation in Korean, which means "to say that/to ask that....". However, today I learned again that this grammar ...
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1 answer
36 views

Difference between 에게는 and 는

Sentence: 그런데 부족함이라고는 전혀 없는 더즐리 부부에게는 누구에게도 알리고 싶지 않은 비밀이 하나 있었다 Why is it 부부에게는 and not just 부부는 ?
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the morphemic analysis of "헤엄치다"?

I am curious whether 헤엄치다 and 헤다 are related. However, if they really are related, where does that 어 in 헤엄치다 come from?
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1 vote
2 answers
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In what context are all the extra Korean base sorting characters used?

Wikipedia lists the sort order for South Korean words, as: Initial consonants: ᄀ, ᄁ, ᅚ, ᄂ, ᄓ, ᄔ, ᄕ, ᄖ, ᅛ, ᅜ, ᅝ, ᄃ, ᄗ, ᄄ, ᅞ, ꥠ, ꥡ, ꥢ, ꥣ, ᄅ, ꥤ, ꥥ, ᄘ, ꥦ, ꥧ, ᄙ, ꥨ, ꥩ, ꥪ, ꥫ, ꥬ, ꥭ, ꥮ, ᄚ, ᄛ, ᄆ, ꥯ, ꥰ, ᄜ, ꥱ, ...
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  • 195
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What numbers are associated with base Korean characters?

Given the sort order of Korean characters, are they given numbers 1-x? If not, are there any contexts where these base characters are given numbers? I am specifically thinking about Gematria, but it ...
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  • 195
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1 answer
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Korean word for "right" as opposed to "left" is 오른, which sounds similar to 옳은, the word for "right" as opposed to "wrong". Is this a coincidence?

If the word 오른 is related to 옳은, it mean that in the Korean language, these concepts are associated, like in English. But no association between these two concepts is found in Japanese or Chinese, ...
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  • 1
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

why does 좋아하다 pronounce as 조아하다?

I am a beginner, and with my current knowledge, when there is ㅇ after the previous final consonant, the previous final consonant combines with the vowel after ㅇ to pronounce. So, 좋아하다 is supposed to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
77 views

Is syllabic L present in Korean?

I'm a native Korean speaker. I noticed that, whenever I say "너를 나를", my tongue directly releases from the onset ㄹ to the coda ㄹ, eliminating the ㅡ in-between. To transcribe in IPA, /ɾɯl/ ...
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1 answer
37 views

Since final consonant are silent,how can I write a word base on its prononciation?

A Korean beginner here. Because a final consonant is silent, you don't know where a word has its final consonant or which a final consonant is. For example,책(book), how can you know it has a final ...
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1 vote
1 answer
61 views

Korean prefix similar to "un-" in as in "unschooling."

The English prefix "un-" has an interesting, versatile use case. "Unschooling", for example, means education, but not in the way most people think of it: no teachers, grades, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
105 views

How important is Old Hangul in modern Korean culture?

I recently started learning Korean, and soon noticed the existence of Old Hangul, which looked significantly different from what's in other learning materials. I became curious about the importance of ...
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  • 43
2 votes
1 answer
40 views

Gifts in Korean culture

Not exactly a language question, but a cultural confusion: I have recently made friends with two Korean women in my area (Catholic nuns--I'm Catholic too; I met them at church). They are immigrants ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Does ~다가 always require an action in the following clause? (Possibly found an exception)

I am listening to Talk to Me in Korean's Iyagi #20 about dreams. I have multiple questions, but unless the mods recommend otherwise, I'll tackle them in separate question entries. So here is the ...
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  • 199
-1 votes
3 answers
232 views

Is there a difference between hangul digraphs or trigraphs and sequences of the respective single letters?

Hangul has a number of doubled letters (e.g. ㄲ or ᆖ), digraphs (e.g. ㅔ or ㄳ), and trigraphs (e.g. ㅞ or ㅴ). Is there a distinction between these multigraphs and a sequence of the individual letters ...
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  • 109
0 votes
1 answer
43 views

Why is the use of 니까 not correct in this sentence?

I have come across the following sentences where the first one is correct and second is not correct 어제 아파서 못 왔어요. (O) 어제 아프니까 못 왔어요. (X) I can understand that 아/어/여서 can't be used for imperative or ...
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  • 129
0 votes
2 answers
35 views

Can I used 위해 with "event" type nouns?

I was wondering if it's appropriate to use 위해 in this context: Study FOR an exam -- 시험을 위해 공부해요 Is this an accurate translation? Perhaps it might be more natural to say 준비하다?
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1 vote
1 answer
178 views

Is there a Korean font that can display arbitrary jamo combinations?

For every possible syllable in modern Korean, a precomposed Unicode character exists. These syllables have at most: 2 choseong (e.g. ㅃ, arguably composed of ㅂ and ㅂ) 3 jungseong (e.g. ㅞ, composed of ...
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  • 109
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Is the irregular verb 몰라요 an exception?

I am wondering why the infinitive verb 모르다 (do not know) is conjugated as 몰라요 in informal style and standard politeness? 모르다 is an irregular verb because the base form 모르 ends with ㅡ so the vowel ㅡ is ...
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0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Difference between "중국어" and "한자어"

중국어 - Chinese language 한자 - Chinese characters 한자어 - Sino-Korean language(???)
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0 votes
2 answers
63 views

What does "잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차" mean?

i have a text as follows 저희는 오히려 부모님이 원하셔서 환갑잔치를 해 드렸더니 좋아하셨어요. 요즘 잔치를 잘 안 하 는 추세라서 잔치 대신 제주도 여행을 보내 드리려고 했는데, 어머님께 살짝 여쭤 보니 환갑이 되었 으면 당연히 잔치를 열게 마련이라 하시더라고요. 잔치를 원하실 줄은 생각조차 못 하고 있었는데 미리 여쭤 보길 잘 했어요....
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1 vote
1 answer
42 views

How the honorific verb 뵙다 becomes 봬요 in informal style & standard politeness?

I am struggling to understand the conjugation rule to conjugate 뵙다 in present tense, informal style & standard politeness. Here's what I would expect: 1) 뵙다 (to see) is the honorific verb of 보다. 2)...
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1 vote
1 answer
40 views

What is the difference between 온 and 모든?

I know in Korean that the word 온 means "all" that is used to modify nouns (eg 온 가족, 온 인류). I also know that the word 모든 also means "all" and is also used to modify nouns. So What ...
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1 vote
1 answer
47 views

비다민 한국어 Review Question Number 17

I just started learning Korean today and I tried to do the review section of chapter 2 in Vitamin Korean 1 but got stuck in question number 17. In this question, it asks to choose the wrong choice ...
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  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
74 views

What does 어느 in 화창한 어느 아침 means?

I have googled to see what does 어느 mean and what I understand is that it is used to ask questions. I am confused what does it mean in the above sentence. Please also explain the sentence structure ...
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  • 103
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

What does 겸 mean and how is it used in a sentence?

겸 I read 겸 in my teacher's autobiography but I do not understand its meaning or how it is used. Here is the sentence: >사실 이번 달 초 약 2주간 시간을 내어 휴가 겸 한국을 다녀왔다. I searched Google translate, Collins ...
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1 vote
2 answers
90 views

What does `포스근히` mean? Is this word used now?

In my textbook, a word , '포스근히' is written. This meaning seems to be tender, soft, and so on, according to the textbook. This is a kind of adverb. I searched this word on the web, but there was no ...
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  • 217
1 vote
2 answers
73 views

는 at the end of a sentence?

I'm watching a video on 부산사투리 (https://youtu.be/jtlodca6UN4) and a couple of people have used 는 at the end of a sentence. Here are the exact phrases: 주변에 시선이 좀 느껴지는? 산맥이나 큰 강같이 교통과 교류의 장애가 되는. 그런 ...
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  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

Can you use 아/야 on yourself?

Can you say for example: 나는 수시야 다. If not is there any kind of way to refer to yourself in a cutesy way, like when in japanese you call youself “name”-chan?
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0 votes
1 answer
25 views

How is '누워잠' composed of?

누워잠 - to sleep I think this word is a compound word. 누이다 - 자다 According to my text book, the last ㅁ changes 용언 to 명사. 누이다 자다 , both are related with sleeping. I understand 자다 becomes 잠. But why is 누이다 ...
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  • 217
0 votes
1 answer
44 views

how do I make my Korean name from my Chinese name?

I want to make my Korean name from my Chinese name but I can't seem to find it anywhere. my Chinese name is 施芸榛.
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  • 1
1 vote
1 answer
50 views

Is "껍질은 칼로 깎으시오." a wrong sentence? Should it be written "껍질은 칼으로 깎으시오."

When I read this sentence, I thought this might be wrong. "껍질은 칼로 깎으시오." Should it be written "껍질은 칼으로 깎으시오." because "칼" has patim. My text book is an old book , so it ...
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  • 217
0 votes
2 answers
47 views

Troubles with machine translation of a simple sentence

How come these three sentences have the same translation into English, yet they don't look very similar? 난 당신이 괜찮았으면 좋겠어. 나는 당신이 괜찮 으면 좋겠다. 괜찮으시길 바랍니다. Sorry, I'm not a Korean learner, I just want to ...
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0 votes
2 answers
98 views

What does 방구 in 말이야 방구야 mean?

The phrase means something like "Wait, what?" but all the definitions for 방구 seem wrong. Any help appreciated, thanks.
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  • 105
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Are there any resources for learning korean specifically for people specializing in programming and 3D design?

I wanna work in the Korean game industry, are there any resources out there that specifically teach the korean language for programming jobs or people doing 3D assets for games?
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0 votes
1 answer
65 views

What does 삽질 하네 and 놀구 있네 mean?

I've been trying to learn slangs and came across these phrases. What does 삽질 하네 and 놀구 있네 mean? Are they different or do they have the same sentiment/meaning? And do they carry negative connotations?
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  • 27
0 votes
2 answers
56 views

What is the meaning of the phrase 남자가려서 먹기 그런데 아직 못먹었다는 것?

I was watching a Korean comedy movie, and for each of the main characters there was a freeze frame with "vital statistics" (Name, Title, Hobbies, etc.) For one of the women, there was an ...
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  • 103
0 votes
2 answers
63 views

humbly requesting feedback on poem translation!

I'm learning Korean and had to translate a poem for a translation class. the poem is 옛날의 노래 by Kim Myeongsoon. I would love to get some feedback from a Korean speaker on my translation! Here's the ...
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  • 1
0 votes
4 answers
89 views

How did 이르다 get transformed to 이르러서는 in this sentence?

i have a sentence as follows: 얼굴에 탈을 쓰고 추는 춤인 탈춤은 가면무용이라고도 한다. 신라시대에 유행한 처용무 등이 궁중무용으로 전해지더니, 이것이 고려· 조선 시대에 이르러서는 민속무용으로 크게 계승, 발전하 였다. As I think in this passage, 이르러서는 = 이르다 + 아/어서 + 는. However, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Does North Korean have a minimal pair with palatalization of ㅈ/ㅉ/ㅊ amongst Sino-Korean words?

By "North Korean" I mean the standard 문화어, of course. In South Korean 표준어, all ㅈ/ㅉ/ㅊ are palatalized. It is often said that if a South Korean says "자동차", a North Korean will hear &...
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1 vote
1 answer
64 views

Idiomatic meaning of 귀가 번쩍 뜨였지

I was reading a children book called "흰곰한테 시집갈게요" when I came across this passage: 깜짝 놀란 농부가 비쭉 문을 열고 나가자, 웬 흰곰이 넙죽 인사를 하는 거야. “안녕하세요?" 순간 농부는 덜컥 겁이 났지만, 흰곰이 순해 보여 안심하고 물었어. “대체 무슨 일이냐?...
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  • 25
1 vote
2 answers
79 views

What does "지" mean here?

This sentence is from the first page of the book "흰곰한테 시집갈게요": 성탄절 이브, 모야모와 아누는 흥겹게 캐럴을 부르며 반짝반짝 예쁜 크리스마스트리로 장식된 거리를 걷고 있었지. From my research, 지 could be used for emphasis (a bit like tag ...
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  • 25
2 votes
1 answer
59 views

How to say "I work for" without implying "I work at"

My language buddy asked me what I did for a living, and I told her I was a company employee. Then she asked which company and I didn't know how to answer. For context, I work for a large hospital ...
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  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
75 views

옛한글 on Safari not working

I have a Mac and use Safari as my default browser. Across my Mac, despite having several fonts that support it, 옛한글 does not render how it is supposed to. For example ᄀᆞᇫ다 just appears as a string of ...
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  • 29
0 votes
1 answer
34 views

Is (으)ㄴ/는단 a shortened form of (으)ㄴ/는다는?

i have a sentece as follows: 요즘 살을 빼기 때문에 밥을 안 먹고 과일만 먹어요. 정말 과일만 먹는단 말이에요? Can i replace the 는단 in the sentence above with 는다는 to become like this? 정말 과일만 먹는다는 말이에요?
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0 votes
1 answer
112 views

How to distinguish the sounds of the two vowels in Korean ᅭ ᅲ?

How to distinguish the sounds of the two vowels in Korean ᅭ ᅲ? Am I correct to make the following comparison in American English: ㅛ is the same as yo-yo; ㅠ is the same as "book" where 'b' ...
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  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
42 views

What is an easy to use, standard input method for writing Korean on a Macbook?

I am a total beginner for Korean and want to take notes for the vowels and consonnes I am learning like "eu" and "eo", or "k". What is a standard and convenient input ...
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  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
84 views

Why does 있는 have to be used here?

I have been self-teaching myself Korean and today I learned the adjectives this and that. I practiced making some sentences using these adjectives. These are what I came up with: 저는 이 샌드위치를 먹고 싶어요. - ...
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  • 3
2 votes
2 answers
154 views

What is the difference between 아/어 노력하다 and (으)려고 노력하다?

In a Korean book, I read a sentence like this: 최선을 다해 노력하는 사람이 성공하는 법이에요 In the phrase "다해 노력하는", I think the author used the grammar 아/어서 (다하다 + 아/어서 + 노력하다). Can I replace this with &...
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0 votes
2 answers
97 views

What does "T moment" mean?

This might not relate directly to Korean language but I've heard this (so I assumed its a slang) when I'm watching a Korean show (I can't cite or reference it since I've long forgotten the stuff I ...
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